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情态动词
发布人:景萍 浏览:1651次 时间:2019/3/1 10:47:04
五年高考试题分析
考查
点 试题 设题
方式 能力要求 总结预测
2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
情态
动词 24 31 语境
设置 掌握备选项的语义和用法+具备利用语境解题的能力 关注情态动词与其它语法点结合考查+语境中的多变的语气情感态度观点
虚拟
语气 27 22 27 28 语境
设置 熟悉虚拟语气在各类句型中运用+不同构成+“虚”“实”语境判断 关注设题角度的细微化、综合化、隐秘化:错综/省略/含蓄
五年高考题再现
(2018/24)It’s strange that he _____ have taken the books without the owner’s permission.
A. would      B.should     C. could    D. might
(2018/270 There is a good social life in the village, and I wish I _______ a second chance to become more involved.
A. had    B. will have   C. would have had     D. have had
(2017/22) ______ not for the support of the teachers, the students could not overcome her difficulty.
A. It were    B. Were it    C. It was    D. Was it
(2016/27) If it _____ for his invitation the other day, I should not be here now.
A. had not been   B. should not be   C. were not to be     D. should not have been
(2015/28) It might have saved me some trouble _____ the schedule.
A. did I know    B. have I known   C. do I know     D. had I known
(2014/31) It was sad to me that they , so poor themselves ,______ bring me food.
A. might     B. would   C. should     D. could
(An:BABADC)
考点清单
Can
肯定句中:客观的可能性 
否定/疑问句中:具体事情实际发生的可能性
Cannot but do 不得不
Can not/never +enough 再怎么也不为过
Shall
一三人称疑问句:征求意见
二三人称陈述句:命令、指示、警告、威胁、允诺
宣布法律规定
Should
肯定/否定句:确定或核能有的未来或希望---合乎情理的情况或结果(ought to
Why/How +should :竟会(惊讶)
If+shoud :万一
Should have done :本该做 实际未做
It’s high time that +主语+Ved/shoud V(此处should 不可省略)
Must
肯定句:具体事情实际发生的可能性
否定句:禁止
疑问句/if 条件句:偏要
Must have done 一定已经做了
May/might
肯定/否定句:也许(不)(might 语气更委婉)
表示祝愿
May/might as well 最好,满可以
May/might we 很可能
May/might have done 也许已经做了
Will/would
否定/肯定/疑问句:表示具体事情实际发生的可能性:很可能(不)会(吗?)
Will 表示事物固有属性或必然趋势或倾向性;临时决定
Would 表示过去倾向性:常常会
If+will/would 表示意愿
Won’t/wouldn’t: 物作主语表示就是不,总是不
                人作主语表示不愿意,不肯
Would rather
Would rahter +V (某人自己宁愿做)
Wouldrather +宾语从句  +Ved(虚拟当时/将来)
Would rather+宾语从句   had Ved(虚拟过去)
模拟题错题回顾+考题预测
1.-He is so kind a teacher.
   -Yeah.But sometimes he      lose temper easily.
A.can     B.must    C.should    D.would
2.-Where have you been?
   -I       in the heavy traffic.Otherwise I       here earlier.
A.have got stuck;would have come               B.got stuck;was      
C.got stuck;would have come                   D.had to stick;would come
3.Statistics indicates that it     well be quite some time before the global economy starts to
recover.
A.may    B.should     C.can    D.must
4.-I wonder if Sue will be here by five.
   -Don’t worry!She just went to collect her kids.She      be back then.
    A.should   B.can    C.would    D.might
5.You        pay too much attention to your reading skills,as thy are so important.
    A.shouldn’t     B.mustn’t     C.can’t     D.needn’t
6.It’s decided that he        for a bus to meet the guests from Beijing.
    A.call    B.calls     C.arrange     D.arranges
7.If Greek civilization        all of Europe,English wouldn’t contain so many Greek words.
    A.hadn’t influenced  B.doesn’t influence  C.hasn’t influenced  D.didn’t influence
8.-Why didn’t you move to another city when you finished your further study abroad?
   -I wanted to,but she simply       let me go.
    A.couldn’t     B.wouldn’t      C.shouldn’t have      D.mustn’t have
9.-I         image it will take about 2 hours to have your pictures developed.
   -All right.I’ll come to get them by then.
    A.should      B.must       C.can       D.would
10.-Do you still remember when we went to Australia?
   -I can’t remember now but       sometime last winter?
    A.might it be   B.could it be   C.could it have been   D.should it have been
11.A left-luggage office is a place where bags         be left for a short time,especially at a railway station.
    A.should      B.can      C.must       D.will
12.Mike doesn’t want to work right away because he thinks that if he        a job he probably wouldn’t be able to see his friends very often.
    A.has to get    B.were to get   C.had got    D.could have got
13.It is of utmost importance that you          here on time.
    A.be     B.shall be     C.are to be    D.must be
14.During my first year abroad,I was so busy studying and meeting new people that I didn’t phone my parents as often as I       .
    A.should   B.would    C.should have    D.would have
15.-My computer        start,no matter how hard I try.
   -It might have crashed.
    A.won’t      B.shouldn’t      C.mustn’t       D.wouldn’t
16.-Excuse me,but can I take the flight with this ticket?
   -There      be no problem.Your ticket is valid until the end of this month.
    A.must      B.shall       C.should       D.might
17.We got in my father’s car and headed straight home and        ,I surely would have been stuck in the station for several days.
    A.had I not     B.did I not     C.if I didn’t     D.if I had
18.There          more difficulties than they had expected,they         the project ahead of schedule.
A.were;couldn’t finish                    B.being;couldn’t have finished
C.have been;couldn’t finish                D.must have been;couldn’t have finished
19.The laptops made by our company sell best,but no body could have guessed the place in the market that          20 years ago.
    A.had had        B.had        C.were having        D.were to have
20.Frankly speaking,I am not sure whether I          this in the old days with that of equipment,which looks quite odd and ridiculous.
    A.should have done    B.need have done    C.would have done    D.must have done
21.If she         generous as she makes out,she would have donated more money in the catastrophe.
    A.had been   B.were    C.would be   D.was
22.When they first came to the city,my parents often went to neighbors for a talk,just as they
        in the countryside.
    A.will do      B.had done      C.have done      D.were doing
23.- Government must have taken measures to lower the house prices next year,       it?
   -Yes.I guess go.
    A.didn’t       B.hasn’t        C.mustn’t        D.won’t
24.–How is the smog control going on in our capital city?
   -It couldn’t be worse.You         believe Beijing upgraded the smog alert from yellow to orange and then the red again yesterday.
    A.won’t      B.mustn’t     C.needn’t      D.shouldn’t
25.We shall hardly please everyone,nor is it necessary that we         .
    A.need        B.should        C.can      D.may


Answers
1~5  ACAAC     6~10  CDBAC     11~15  BBACA     16~20  CABDC
21~25  BBBAB     
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